Debian Repository Keys + bits

Since I had to reinstall my laptop, I have had to tune missing things. One of them was when updating Debian I was constantly having errors with two repositories so I couldn’t get the packages from there. I have been lazy because it wasn’t stopping me for doing anything but I decided to fix that. I have seen this before so it is not totally new but I was surprised as I couldn’t “fix” the key for the Debian Tor repository.

The error for getting the key for “www.deb-multimedia.org” was fixed following this post:

# apt-key adv --keyserver keyring.debian.org --recv-keys 5C808C2B65558117

I tried similar approach for “deb.torproject.org” but it failed. I checked the official way to use that repo here. It was a bit different as I do currently as I use the “sources.list” and the post recommends to create a dedicated file. I didn’t pay much attention to it and tried to follow those instructions but using my current config setup. It was still failing. I checked the repo was real. I tried to use a public keyring (based on this) but same result. But at the end I found the solution here:

# wget -q https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org/A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -

After that, my “apt update” didn’t show anymore errors.

And then I noticed why my setup didnt work with the official instructions of Tor Project.

The documentations says to create a new file with this line:

deb     [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/tor-archive-keyring.gpg] https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org testing main

And then add the key:

# wget -qO- https://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org/A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89.asc | gpg --dearmor | tee /usr/share/keyrings/tor-archive-keyring.gpg >/dev/null

But I have only this in my sources.list:

##### 3rd Party Binary Repos
###Debian Multimedia
deb [arch=amd64] http://www.deb-multimedia.org testing main non-free
#deb [arch=amd64,i386] http://www.deb-multimedia.org buster main non-free

###TOR
deb [arch=amd64] http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org testing main
#deb-src [arch=amd64] http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org testing main

So I wasn’t doing the same as I thought.

And somehow I forgot how to scroll using the keyboard with Terminator….and I was sure it worked before. I checked the keysetting and couldnt find anything. I thought something was misconfigured. Then I searched and found this. So as each laptop has a different keyboard setup, I noticed the “shift + PageUp” was actually in my keyboard “shift + Fn + PageUp”.

And after sooooo many years, I decided to add spell check for Spanish in GC.

Tortas de Mosto

“Tortas de Mosto” is a typical sweet from “La Mancha” region in Spain. And it is one of my favourite sweets from my hometown. When I was there last December, taking a look at the process of baking “tortas” was one of my (many) goals. I didnt get the recipe but noticed ingredients that I wasnt aware like using bread starter.

Another thing, in my hometown, didnt use Mosto, I think they do it only in Summer. So they used good orange juice instead.

Although I could remember nearly all ingredients, I wasn’t very confident, so I searched for some video without many expectations but lucky me I found this! Thanks to Cristina!

To be honest, I have tried twice. The first attempt wasnt really good. I over fermented the dough…. and I forgot to add sugar!!!! Somehow I didnt notice that “step”. It makes sense, mosto is very sweet and orange juice is not that sweet.

Ingredients Bread Starter

  • 100ml water
  • 150g plain flour
  • 7gr dry yeast
  • (need to try to add 1 tsp of sugar next time)

Process Bread Starter

  • In a small bowl, mix the yeast with water, then add the flour.
  • Be sure everything is well incorporated, make a ball with the dough. You dont have to knead it.
  • If you are going to make “tortas” next day, cover it and put it in the fridge. If using during the day, let it rest for 2h or until it doubles up in volume

Tortas Ingredients

  • Bread Starter
  • 250ml good orange juice
  • 250ml good virgin olive oil
  • 14gr dry yeat
  • 50gr sugar (maybe 75or or 100g next time)
  • 1 egg (maybe two next time)
  • 600gr plain flour (maybe strong flour next time) – You dont have to use all flour.
  • Finish touch: 1 mixed egg + sugar

Tortas Process:

  • In a bowl, mix the orange juice, olive oil and sugar. Then add the yeast. Combine everything well.
  • Add half of the flour or so, mix a bit. Add the egg. Mix and keep adding more flour. Try not to use all flour.
  • Pour the dough into the table and knead for 10 minutes or so until the dough is smooth and doesnt break when trying to make a window. Add a bit of flour if need but it should stick much as the dough has olive oil.
  • Leave the dough to rest for 1 hour or so until it doubles up in size.
  • Knock off the air of the dough, make a ball again.
  • Prepare to baking trays. You can spread a bit of flour or use baking paper on them.
  • Pre-heat oven at 180C
  • Now make small balls of 170g each (using an scale) from the main dough. So you have similar size tortas. I managed to put four balls per tray. Leave as much space as possible between them.
  • Once you have all balls in the tray, you need to flat them using your fingers going by the sides of the ball. Until you have a kind of big disc.
  • Cover the trays and leave them to rest again around 30-40 minutes. They should raise again.
  • Whisk one egg, wash the top of the tortas that are going to go to the oven now (just one try). Then add plenty of sugar on top of each torta.
  • Bake for 25 minutes or so. They need to be dark golden! Let it cool down and repeat the process with the second tray.

Before baking

After baking

To be honest, they were great compared with my first attempt and they are not like the one from my hometown but they are really good enough. I enjoyed a warm torta for dinner last night, heaven!

I think I can improve it like adding a bit more sugar or another egg, etc.

Let’s see for the next attempt!

Tahini

After watching this video, I decided to make my own tahini as I used it for Baba Ganoush and Humus. So I bought a 1kg bag of sesame seeds and got with it. To be honest I made a couple of mistake. Firstly my blender is not very powerful so I should have used less sesame seeds and secondly, I got confused and I added water too. At the end I improvised a bit, adding water, olive oil and a bit of tumeric. I didnt get the super liquid tahini from the video but still my paste was eatable. I used for baba ganush and it was tasty!

And…. is better my homemade tahini than the store one? To be honest, they are so different, yeah, flavour is similar, maybe more “sesamy” in the homemade. I am not a tahini expert at the end of day but I prefer the homemade, I just know it has two ingredients.

Ingredients:

  • 1 cup (or less) of sesame seeds
  • olive oil
  • optional: 1 tsp tumeric

Process:

  • Toast the sesame seeds in a pan for 4-5 minutes, until the start to sweat and get a bit brown.
  • Put the hot sesame seeds in the blender and start to mix until it forms a paste and the blender can’t do anything else. Add olive oil bit by bit. In my case, I had to add much more liquid and I added spoons of water too to get to a creamy state. Optionally, add the tumeric.
  • Pour the tahini into a clean (with boiling water) crystal jar.
  • Add some olive oil on top to avoid oxidation. Keep it in the fridge.

Second attempt. Much better! Don’t add water!!!! Tumeric is still quite optional.

Seitan

For NYE dinner, I planned a vegan menu for a couple of friends. I found this video about vegan chicken based on wheat gluten or seitan. I didnt know that product but checking online it was esay to find. I liked the recipe because it was quite complete with the mushroom sauce and creamy potatoes. All the efforts go to the author in the videos.

Vegan Sausage Ingredients:

  • 1 cup of soy milk
  • 1/2 cup of mixed dry mushrooms
  • 2 tsp dried onion
  • 2 gloves of garlic minced
  • 1/2 cup vegetable stock
  • 150g firm tofu
  • 3 tbsp white miso paste
  • 2 tbsp maple syrup (+ 2tbsp for frying)
  • 1 tsp cayenne pepper
  • 2 tbsp tahini
  • 2 tsp dried sage (*I am not keen of dry thyme)
  • 300g wheat gluten / seitan.

Vegan Sausage Process:

  • In a blender mix all ingredients but the seitan.
  • Then add the liquid mix to the seitan.
  • Knead for 15 minutes. I was surprised how spongy was the dough! It wasnt very sticky so it was ok to deal with.
  • Make a roll from the dough, like a big sausage, then cut in three pieces, or more depending how big is your pans.
  • Wrap each piece with oven-proof baking paper, like a sweet. Then wrap it again with foil.
  • Depending on your pan, put two or three pieces, cover well with water the sausages, heat up the water and let it simmer for 90 minutes.
  • Let is cool down. Remove the foil. At this point, you can keep them in the fridge. For using a different day or carry on.
  • In a hot saucepan, put 2 tbsp of maple syrup and fried a couple of sausages until the surface is caramelized.
  • Then put in a pre-heat oven at 220C for 10-15 minutes.
  • Remove from oven, let it cool down a bit and ready to eat!

Mushroom Sauce Ingredients

  • 250g sliced chesnut mushtooms
  • 2 red onion
  • Splash of red wine
  • Salt + pepper
  • 120ml soy cream

Mushroom Sauce process:

  • In a hot saucepan, add a bit of olive oil, mushrooms and onion. Add salt and pepper.
  • Once the mushrooms start taking a golden color, add the alcohol. Wait a little bit until it vaporizes.
  • Add the soy cream. Mix clean for a couple of minutes.
  • Remove from the heat and serve with the sausages.

Creamy Potatoes Ingredients:

  • 1 can of coconut milk
  • 1 cup of soy milk (use the coconut can)
  • 2 red onions chopped
  • 5 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 tsp oregano
  • 2 tsp mustard
  • 2 tsp say sauce (or nutritional yeast)
  • salt + pepper
  • 5 potatoes

Creamy Potatoes process:

  • Put all ingredients apart from the potatoes in a pan, heat up at medium heat. Let it simmer.
  • Pre-heat oven at 180C
  • Slice the potatoes as much thin as possible.
  • Add the potatoes to the sauce. The sauce should cover all potatoes.
  • Let it cook them for 5 minutes or more so the sauce starts to thick a bit.
  • Pour the potatoes mix in a ovenproof dish. Cover with a bit of baking paper. Put in the oven for 20-25 minutes. Then remove the paper and let the top to caramelize (I had to change the oven setting to grill).
  • Remove from oven and sever with your mushroom sauce and sausage!

Although the picture doesnt look great, I have to say the sausage was tasty (it didnt taste like chicken) and the potatoes very creamy. I didnt like much the mushroom sauce because the thyme (so I have removed it from the ingredients 🙂

Torta de Laranja

I received as a gift this book for Christmas and I was told his torta de laranja was very famous in Portugal. I have never cooked this cake before so for NYE dessert I changed my mind and decided to try this cake. I have tasted it in Portugal before, and to be honest it was never my favourite. I prefer the “algarroba” (carob), almonds, etc cakes. But, I wanted to see if all the hype was worth it.

One of the things that strike the most is how simple is the recipe in the book, few ingredients and steps. Still I didn’t feel confident and tried to find a video. This one was longer but made me doubt as it was using a bit of butter. As well, I wasn’t clear about how to do bain marie in the oven. This video was shorter and could see some other details regarding the bain marie (I was overthinking it) and spreading some sugar after taking out the cake from the oven.

Ingredients:

  • 500g sugar
  • 50g plain flour
  • 15g dry yeast
  • 2 big good oranges (zest and juice)
  • 12 eggs
  • Knob of melted butter

Process:

  • Pre-heat oven at 220C
  • Use a bit of butter and spread in the baking tray. This helps the baking paper to keep flat. Then add oven-proof baking paper. Spread a bit of butter on top of the baking paper. This avoids the cake to get stuck to the paper and it easier to remove after baking.
  • Mix dry ingredients in a bowl: sugar, flour and yeast.
  • Add orange zest and juice, mix
  • Add the 12 eggs. Mix well.
  • Add the rest of melted butter. Mix well.
  • Poor the mix into a baking tray.
  • In another tray, add water and get the tray in the bottom of the oven. This will make the bain marie.
  • Put the cake tray above the water tray in the oven. Bake for 20-25 minutes. Till the top is golden.
  • Remove the cake from the oven. Spread some sugar on top while hot.
  • Get another piece of baking-proof paper. Turn the cake into that piece of paper.
  • Remove carefully the paper from the cake.
  • The cake is very hot, and in theory you should try to roll it now using the baking paper you have. Like in the videos, bend one side, and roll.
  • Cut a slice from each side to make look nice. Then let it cool down.
  • Enjoy!

Mine was a bit too long in the oven and cracked in the middle. And as well, when rolling, it was superhot and a bit too thick and broke it even more during the process.

As well, I have always heard that orange and chocolate mix very well. So as I had a bit of home made chocolate spread, I decided to cover half of the torta with it. Maybe this is heresy 😛

And to be honest, my friends like it!

It is a very calorific cake: 500g of sugar! But was nice. Another thing, I had issues with the oranges. I couldn’t find proper oranges so I used “good” orange pressed juice with one orange I brought from Portugal. Still tasted good.